Sunday, December 11, 2016


By this useful Article I guide you about 14 things to do after installation of Linux Mint 18 “Sarah” latest release of Linux and it is a long term support which will be supported till 2021. It comes with updated software and conveying modifications and many new features to make your desktop even more comfortable to use. It is very easy and fast and this new version contains many improvements. If you have good Computer, I recommended that download Linux Mint 18 “Sarah” 64 bit. If  you have low computer system Download  Linux Mint 18 “Sarah” 32 Bit. Now I guide you step by step suggestions and tutorials. System requirement needed to installation of Linux Mint 18 "Sarah and download latest Linux mint from their official site and it should be  512MB RAM (1GB recommended) 9GB of Disk Space (20GB recommended), 1024×768 Resolution.


  1. How to Update and Upgrade
  2. How to Improve Settings Before Installation
  3. How Decrease and Use of Swap
  4. How to Install Graphic Card Drivers and Missing
  5. How to Install Multimedia Codecs
  6. How to Install Popular Software
  7. How to Install Education Software
  8. How to Maintain System Power Management
  9. How to Install Flash Player and Nonfree Codecs
  10. How to Install Font Support and Java
  11. How to Install Best DVD Burning Application
  12. How to Install Alternative of Mono and Orca
  13. How to Install Google Chrome
  14. How to Install Video Players

Linux Mint 18

1.   How to Update and Upgrade

Your installation process has been completed, now the time is that to improve Linux Mint 18 "Sarah" and needs more things to do. First Update and Upgrade from Software repositories and make your latest Linux Mint  version up to date with following command. Simple go to terminal and type the following command or use Ctr+Alt+T. 



2.   How to Improve Settings Before Installation


After installation of Linux Mint move away from the Ubuntu method, where some “recommended" packages are concerned. When you install software yourself, Ubuntu installs the recommended packages by default, but Linux Mint does not install it like Ubuntu. This has some important disadvantages that in Linux Mint, the features of the applications that you install yourself, can be unnecessarily crippled  and such step like  Ubuntu, do not work in Linux Mint. Now can correct the setting on the following procedure. Click on Menu Button then  Administration After that Synaptic Package Manager and then go to Settings - Preferences - Tab General  Section Marking Changes: tick: Consider recommended packages as dependencies, after completion of procedure Click on Apply button and then click OK.

3.   How Decrease and Use of Swap

This is very important procedure, if you have  Memory  RAM  2 GB or less  they be likely to be far too slow in Linux Mint, and Linux Mint access system Hard Disk  too much. If you System have 4 GB RAM or more you can skip this procedure  because with so much RAM you probably won't notice any benefits from applying this process.  It has been tested that the hard disk have a separate partition for virtual memory, called the “Swap Area”, when Linux  Mint uses the swap too much, the computer going to slowing down. Linux Mint preference to use the Swap is unwavering by a setting. The lower the setting number, the longer it takes before Linux Mint starts to use Swap. On a scale of 0-100, the default setting is 60, which is much too high for normal Desktop use, and only fit for servers. Now I am going to advice that check the Swappiness settings to use the following command, to use terminal.
 
After that press enter and you will find the following result. It will be result probably count 60. Now the time is that change  the swappiness into a more profitable  setting,  now once again go to terminal copy the following command.


Now once again Press Enter. Now text file appeared and main thing is that scrolls to the bottom of the text file and add your swappiness parameter to overrule the default. Copy/paste the following two lines.
  After that click on  Save and close the text file now you need to restart your Computer. Now the time is that you can check that new  new swappiness value has been changed, once again the same procedure  go to Menu then Administration  and use following command in Terminal’.

   After that Press Enter.  Now the value count it should be 10

4.   How to Install Graphic Card Drivers and Missing

The installation of Drivers on Linux Mint 18 “Sarah” is not necessary, because they are already available  in the Linux kernel. If you have printer, scanner and you need drivers and proprietary restricted drivers, such as Nvidia graphics cards. You can to  Install your printer and scanner go “ *Click*” and install all requirement. You are using  Nvidia Video card, or your Broadcom wireless chipset, you want to install  all the closed source restricted driver, this is very simple procedure, go to Menu- Administration- Driver Manager. It is already available for your Computer System, and this tool will present you with one or more install non free drivers, I advice that  select on recommended binary driver. The required drivers automatically downloaded from the Internet, from the software repositories of Linux Mint. After that, reboot your system. 

  • Nvidia video card, the order of  preference is given below: 
  • Nvidia-(from highest number to lowest number)
  • Nnvidia-(from highest number to lowest number)-updates
  • Nvidia-experimental
In view of above you should be  choose from the versions that you are being offered, because only those supported Video Cards, start with the preferred number one, and only work your way down when it does not perform well. You have a  New Brand  Nvidia Graphic Card  then  it might be too new for the version of the proprietary restricted driver in the software repositories of  Linux Mint, in any case  that  you  do not offer any proprietary driver by Driver Manager. How to install latest Nvidia Graphic Card Driver on Linux Basis systems read this ArticleOn this stage  you have  AMD/ATI Video Card you have to attach to the default open source driver, because  the closed AMD Catalyst (fglrx) drivers are not compatible with Linux Mint 18. In any way if you are still  using an AMD or ATI GPU in Linux Mint 18, the operating system will automatically install  "Radeon" or the "Amdgpu" drivers by default.

5.   How to Install Multimedia Codecs


Linux Mint 18 “Sarah” have included Multimedia codecs by default for entertainment because it is one of the most important stuff for everyone now a days, all required codecs are available on Linux Mint 18 on its default Repository. You can check once again to use the following command in terminal.
 

You can also install alternative Ubuntu Multimedia Codecs as per requirement to use the following commands in terminal.
 

You can play encrypted video DVD's with VLC Media Player, but you can also enable other Media Players in your system to play such DVD's and  to use the following command in terminal.
 


6.   How to Install Popular Software

Now you can install most popular and important software on Linux Mint 18 “Sarah”. In this regard I have selected most popular software and they are mostly required to use Linux basis system. Install QBittorrent Client Best Torrent Server for Linux and very popular install it to use the following command in terminal.
 

Install Shutter  This is best Screen shot Capture tool, to use it with following command in terminal.
 

Install Scribus
This is most important and best publishing software and working in replacement of  Adobe.
 

Install Aria2 Download Manager
This is most important and popular download manager for Linux basis systems. 



Install Inkscape This is also important and popular Software and it is best Graphics Design Software for vector image. It is best  replacement of CorelDRAW or Adobe Illustrator.
 

Install Clementine Audio Player This is best Audio Player for Linux Basis Systems, you can use for All Type of Audio Songs.



Install Mozilla Thunderbird



Install OpenShot Video Editor This is best Video Editor for Linux distros, you can use it for all versions of Linux basis system. It is very popular and most important.



If you want to remove OpenShot Video Editor to use the following command in terminal.
 

Install Audacity Audio Editor Audacity is a free and easy to use  multi-track audio editor and recorder for GNU/Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, and other operating systems. The interface is translated into many languages. You can use Audacity editor for Record live audio,  Record computer playback on any Windows Vista or later machine , Convert tapes and records into digital recordings or CDs, Edit WAV, AIFF, FLAC, MP2, MP3 or Ogg Vorbis sound files, AC3, M4A/M4R (AAC), WMA and other formats supported using optional libraries. Install Audacity to use the following command in terminal.
 

If you ant to remove Audacity to use the following command in terminal. 
 

Video Conference Software This is great software VoIP client and modern video conference Software. It costs around 18 MB in Linux Mint 18 Cinnamon. To us the following command in terminal and install it easily.
 


7.   How to Install Education Software

Linux has huge number of free software available for educational purpose in Software Manager, this is great procedure to install as per your requirement. You can install all of those from the software manager. Now I share most important and best educational software and I guide you how to install through Terminal to use the following commands. Install Marble Marble is working like Google Earth which let the children learn about interactive 3D earth globe, you can use it  without any Internet connection.
 

Install GCompris This is Game mode software to teach the children about math, science, letters, vocabulary, and about  computer. It is very helpful for small children.
 

Install Kig You are student want to  teach interactive geometry in 2D and 3D model drawing, this is then this piece of wonderful software, install it to use following command in terminal.
 

Install KAlgebra This software is very small in size but very popular and important you can use it for  learning mathematics  and algebra. 


8.   How to Maintain System Power Management

Linux Mint is resourceful and pitch solid safe OS but occasionally the system may get overheated and supply low performances. You can install TLP and Laptop Mode Tools to recover the overall system power management and raise system usability with high optimized performances.

Install TLP


Install Laptop Mode Tools


After installing the above, now you can  get the GUI for further customization, and use the following command in terminal.
 


9.   How to Install Flash Player and Nonfree Codecs


You have already installed full Multimedia support, Adobe Flash Player is present in your Linux basis system,  it is good practice , because you require that playing Flash Videos and other purpose. The main source of this process is often not updated quickly enough, which makes your system helpless. So you require replace and install the following Flashplugin  that source by another one, it is important and to deliver security updates quickly. Now use the following command in terminal and install it.


During the process Press Enter. When prompted, type your password. Your password will remain entirely invisible, not even dots will show, this is normal.Press Enter again and it is done. Further Linux Mint Repository used by default Flash player & Java Applet so no require to install those on Firefox but still we should be  install Pepper Flash Plugin based flash player for Chromium browser. This process downloads the pepper flash player from Google Chrome browser and set it within the Chromium Browser. Now use the following command in terminal and download.


10.   How to Install Font Support and Java

style="font-family: "arial" , "helvetica" , sans-serif;">Linux Mint have not extra fonts now to use Software Manager or Synaptic Package Manager to install Microsoft fonts, go to Menu-Administration-Software Manager and search as  Query  Microsoft, after that double click "ttf-mscorefonts-installer" for installation and press the Install button. During the installation of the Microsoft fonts, which you will be absolutely, asked to check a box and accept a license agreement of Microsoft. It will take several minutes. 
Install Java 8 Java 8 is best for Linux Mint 18, do not use Java9 because security update problem in Java 9 so it is better that install Java 8.




Now check the Java version it is installed properly to use the following command in terminal.

 

The PPA also has a package to automatically set Java environment variables, use the following command in terminal.
 

11.   How to Install Best DVD Burning Application

The default DVD Burn application Brasero is unreliable, I think  best DVD burning application is currently Xfburn, is widely used in Linux based system,  rewards your DVDs. Xfburn on the other hand, is reliable, simple and easy. It has on disadvantage that  Xfburn can not burn Multi session DVDs. Now the time is that how to install Xfburn, in Linux Mint 18, first go to Menu - Administration – Terminal and use the following command.




Press Enter. When prompted, type your password. Your password will remain entirely invisible, not even dots will show, this is normal. Press Enter again. After that you can launch Xfburn once again go to Menu button then Sound & Video – Xfburn, now your DVD burn is ready for smooth work.

12.   How to Install Alternative of Mono and Orca

style="font-family: "arial" , "helvetica" , sans-serif;">In Linux based system specially in Linux Mint 18 by default, Mono is installed, because this package is a security risk, it contains with  Microsoft's .NET.  It works with  many operating systems including Windows. The is not fit and the communications could potentially be malware and viruses. It is  only a limited risk, but a risk however,  with Mono, you are  moderately in the infected and infected Windows ecosystem. Whereas no more benefit of Mono because another alternatives of mono is available, so you should be remove it to use the following command in terminal.


In light of above this removal will also delete two Mono based applications, namely media player Banshee and notepad Tomboy. Now to use the following command and install alternatives of the removal applications.
 

One thing note that  Linux Mint have screen reader Orca by default. Now this is  useless when you are  not and  it is  rather alarming when, after pressing the wrong key grouping, your computer suddenly starts addressing you with a heavy bass voice. So now remove to use the following command in terminal.
 

13.   How to Install Google Chrome

Linux Mint 18 “Sarah”  is latest Linux Mint Version and it is very useful to have an extra web browser available. Firefox is a nice application, but Google Chrome is very fast and important, Firefox has  now and then installed too many extensions or add-ons, but it does not all functions  well. An excellent alternative to Firefox, is web browser Google Chrome, unfortunately it is not in the software sources of Linux Mint, but you can download its 64-bit installer from Download Google Chrome Site. One thing note that, Google Chrome have not update support for Linux Mint 32 bit, so you can use only for 64 bit. When you go to Google Chrome web page it should automatically recognize that you are using Linux Mint. it should offer you as prior installation  for Debian/Ubuntu, because that's what you need in Mint. The software source for Chrome to your software sources list, so that Update Manager will automatically propose you updates for Google Chrome as soon as they become available. If you got any problem to download Google Chrome, you can install it through terminal to use the following commands one by one. 


14.   How to Install Video Players

Video Player are very important for entertainment and to enjoy with movies and other purpose, Linux based system used most popular Video players. I have selected most popular Video Players for Linux Mint 18 "Sarah"  and other Linux distros. 
In view of the above 14 main and important things to do for the requirement of Linux Mint 18 "Sarah" latest Linux Distro, this version support you till 2021, with all latest things which I have mentioned above. You have already read lot of tutorials about Linux Mint but this is very different and enjoy. 


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