Sunday, July 23, 2017


By this useful Article I guide you about 16 things to do after installation of Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya” latest release of Linux and it is a long term support which will be supported till 2021. It comes with updated software and conveying modifications and many new features to make your desktop even more comfortable to use.


It is very easy and fast and this new version contains many improvements. it is very necessary to to install 64 bit on your PC.  If you have low computer system Download  Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya” 32 Bit. Now I introduce to you main top suggestions and tips to use this tutorial. System requirement needed to installation of Linux Mint 18.2 "Sonya and download latest Linux mint from their official site and it should be  512MB RAM (1GB recommended) 9GB of Disk Space (20GB recommended), 1024×768 Resolution. This Linux Distro is very popular and fast.


  1. How to Download Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya
  2. What is New in Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya
  3. How to Update and Upgrade
  4. How to Improve Settings Before Installation
  5. How Decrease and Use of Swap
  6. How to Install Graphic Card Drivers and Missing
  7. How to Install Multimedia Codecs
  8. How to Install Popular Software
  9. How to Install Education Software
  10. How to Maintain System Power Management
  11. How to Install Flash Player and Nonfree Codecs
  12. How to Install Font Support and Java
  13. How to Install Best DVD Burning Application
  14. How to Install Alternative of Mono and Orca
  15. How to Install Google Chrome
  16. How to Install Video Players

16 Things After Installation of Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya

1.   How to Download Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya

Linux Mint 18.2 "Sonya" has been released at Sunday 02 July 2017. This is very fast and popular Linux Distro, i t has including Cinnamon, MATE, XFCE, and KDE editions. Now I introduce and show your fast download links along with torrent links and also some mirrors links. 


Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya Cinnamon 32 and 64 Bit Version
2.   What is New in Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya

Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya is a long time support release which will be upheld until 2021. It accompanies refreshed programming and conveys refinements and numerous new elements to make your desktop encounter more agreeable to utilize. It has following new release in Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya:

Cinnamon 3.4

A standout amongst the most striking enhancements in Cinnamon 3.4 is the treatment of desktop symbols.  Symbols would now be able to be consequently adjusted on a network, either in lines or in segments.  They can likewise be naturally arranged in different routes: By name, by estimate, by sort or by adjusted date.  You can likewise change desktop symbol sizes with a tick of a catch, and desktop symbols are presently dealt with in their own different procedure, which isn't fixing to other nemo windows. The different modules of the settings daemon additionally now keep running in their own different procedures and are free of every others. It is in this way now significantly simpler to recognize which module may be in charge of high memory or CPU use, and when a module crashes it never again influences whatever remains of the Cinnamon back end.  To give better execution to the Cinnamon desktop, the CJS Javascript translator was rebased and now keeps running on mozjs 38.

Blueberry

Bluetooth bolster is quite enhanced in Linux Mint 18.2. OBEX record exchanges are presently bolstered out of the case, so you can send documents effortlessly finished Bluetooth to your PC from any remote gadget. 
A choice was added likewise to roll out it simpler to improvement the Bluetooth name of your PC. To wrap things up, notwithstanding its cross-desktop framework plate, Blueberry now gives a Cinnamon applet which utilizes typical symbols and seems to be like different status applets, for example, the power, sound or system applets. At the point when this applet is available, the plate symbol is naturally covered up.

Xplayer

The media player, Xplayer, likewise got changes to its UI. Every one of the controls and the searcher bar were put on a similar line and the statusbar was expelled to make the application more compact.You would now be able to control the playback speed with an indistinguishable console easy routes from in MPV, so you can make your own particular moderate movement replays, or watch extensive matches in about a fraction of the time it would take.  Subtitles documents are currently stacked naturally yet subtitles are likewise now covered up as a matter of course. You can turn them ON or OFF, or spin through subtitles tracks by squeezing "S" on the console. You can likewise push through sound/dialect tracks by squeezing "L" on the console.  The OSD (on-screen show) was settled and now demonstrates the sound track or subtitle track or playback speed you chose, or your position in the motion picture when looking for forward or in reverse.  Many bugs were settled and recently like in Xed, the capacity to lean toward dull topics was included.

Pix

It's currently significantly less demanding to explore in Pix. Console and mouse alternate routes were checked on and to a great extent progressed. They are more natural and more steady with different applications, for example, Xviewer. Toolbar and menu symbols were change to typical to enhance bolster for dull topics.

Update Manager

The Update Manager got numerous enhancements.  Despite everything it has a similar mission and handles an indistinguishable issues from earlier (guarding your PC, giving bug settles and shielding you from relapses) however it presents things marginally in an unexpected way.  Strategies and level definitions were refined to better channel refreshes relying upon their level of effect on the working framework and without stressing over their inception. Most updates are currently level 2. Application refreshes which don't affect the OS are level 1. Toolboxs and desktop situations or libraries which influence numerous applications are level 3. Pieces and delicate framework refreshes are level 4.  Level 5 is to a great degree uncommon and not utilized as a matter of course. This level is committed to hailing risky or broken updates.  Update Manager demands organizing and checking on refreshes relying upon their level. The thoughts of security, bug fixes, backports, updates and programming relapses are focal and these center ideas are better clarified. An extensive help segment now transports with the Refresh Chief and goes a great deal more in points of interest than some time recently. Significantly more data was included parts. The assistance segment now includes clarifications on how parts are introduced, how to summon the grub menu, how to check the DKMS status and how to return to a past bit.  Support was included for Ubuntu HWE portions in bit refreshes and the part determination window was made strides. 

Cinnamon Spices

You can include topics, applets, desklets and expansions to your Cinnamon desktop. These additional items are known as "flavors" and they are kept up by outsider craftsmen and outsider developers.The objective wasn't just to improve it look. This is a piece of a colossal venture to make flavors more secure than earlier and to ensure better quality and better similarity with the Cinnamon desktop. The site underpins validation by means of Google, Facebook and Github to give guests a chance to remark and like their most loved flavors. As an outcome, it never again stores passwords. The upkeep of the flavors themselves was moved to Github and each and every change is currently audited by the Linux Mint group to ensure flavors can't be utilized for noxious purposes. The advancement work process was changed to enable anybody to give bug fixes and interpretations to Cinnamon flavors. Alongside flavors creators, the Linux Mint group is presently straightforwardly included in the upkeep of all Cinnamon flavors. Many flavors were evacuated, many were settled, many were refreshed and the group is presently ready to add support to flavors for current variants of Cinnamon as well as notwithstanding to upcoming ones.  By and large, this is an enormous change for Cinnamon in light of the fact that the nature of the flavors affects how the desktop is seen. We're getting closer and more like a circumstance where everything "just works", where quality flavors are anything but difficult to discover and where they work in your dialect.

In light of above changes and lot more new features included in Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya.

3.   How to Update and Upgrade



Your installation process has been completed, now the time is that to improve Linux Mint 18.2 "Sonya" and needs more things to do. First Update and Upgrade from Software repositories and make your latest Linux Mint  version up to date with following command. Simple go to terminal and type the following command or use Ctr+Alt+T. 

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade



4.   How to Improve Settings Before Installation

After installation of Linux Mint move away from the Ubuntu method, where some “recommended" packages are concerned. When you install software yourself, Ubuntu installs the recommended packages by default, but Linux Mint does not install it like Ubuntu. This has some important disadvantages that in Linux Mint, the features of the applications that you install yourself, can be unnecessarily crippled  and such step like  Ubuntu, do not work in Linux Mint. Now can correct the setting on the following procedure. Click on Menu Button then  Administration After that Synaptic Package Manager and then go to Settings - Preferences - Tab General  Section Marking Changes: tick: Consider recommended packages as dependencies, after completion of procedure Click on Apply button and then click OK.

5.   How Decrease and Use of Swap

This is very important procedure, if you have  Memory  RAM  2 GB or less  they be likely to be far too slow in Linux Mint, and Linux Mint access system Hard Disk  too much. If you System have 4 GB RAM or more you can skip this procedure  because with so much RAM you probably won't notice any benefits from applying this process.  It has been tested that the hard disk have a separate partition for virtual memory, called the “Swap Area”, when Linux  Mint uses the swap too much, the computer going to slowing down. Linux Mint preference to use the Swap is unwavering by a setting. The lower the setting number, the longer it takes before Linux Mint starts to use Swap. On a scale of 0-100, the default setting is 60, which is much too high for normal Desktop use, and only fit for servers. Now I am going to advice that check the Swappiness settings to use the following command, to use terminal.
 
cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness


After that press enter and you will find the following result. It will be result probably count 60. Now the time is that change  the swappiness into a more profitable  setting,  now once again go to terminal copy the following command.

gksudo xed /etc/sysctl.conf

Now once again Press Enter. Now text file appeared and main thing is that scrolls to the bottom of the text file and add your swappiness parameter to overrule the default. Copy/paste the following two lines.
 
# Decrease swap usage to a more reasonable level
vm.swappiness=10

After that click on  Save and close the text file now you need to restart your Computer. Now the time is that you can check that new  swappiness value has been changed, once again the same procedure  go to Menu then Administration  and use following command in Terminal’.
  
cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness

After that Press Enter.  Now the value count it should be 10. 

6.   How to Install Graphic Card Drivers and Missing


The installation of Drivers on Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya” is not necessary, because they are already available  in the Linux kernel. If you have printer, scanner and you need drivers and proprietary restricted drivers, such as Nvidia graphics cards. You can to  Install your printer and scanner go “ *Click*” and install all requirement. You are using  Nvidia Video card, or your Broadcom wireless chipset, you want to install  all the closed source restricted driver, this is very simple procedure, go to Menu- Administration- Driver Manager. It is already available for your Computer System, and this tool will present you with one or more install non free drivers, I advice that  select on recommended binary driver. The required drivers automatically downloaded from the Internet, from the software repositories of Linux Mint. After that, reboot your system. 

  • Nvidia video card, the order of  preference is given below: 
  • Nvidia-(from highest number to lowest number)
  • Nnvidia-(from highest number to lowest number)-updates
  • Nvidia-experimental

In view of above you should be  choose from the versions that you are being offered, because only those supported Video Cards, start with the preferred number one, and only work your way down when it does not perform well. You have a  New Brand  Nvidia Graphic Card  then  it might be too new for the version of the proprietary restricted driver in the software repositories of  Linux Mint, in any case  that  you  do not offer any proprietary driver by Driver Manager. How to install latest Nvidia Graphic Card Driver on Linux Basis systems read this Article. On this stage  you have  AMD/ATI Video Card you have to attach to the default open source driver, because  the closed AMD Catalyst (fglrx) drivers are not compatible with Linux Mint 18. In any way if you are still  using an AMD or ATI GPU in Linux Mint 18, the operating system will automatically install  "Radeon" or the "Amdgpu" drivers by default.

7.   How to Install Multimedia Codecs

Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya” have included Multimedia codecs by default for entertainment because it is one of the most important stuff for everyone now a days, all required codecs are available on Linux Mint 18 on its default Repository. You can check once again to use the following command in terminal. 
 
sudo apt-get install mint-meta-codecs

You can also install alternative Ubuntu Multimedia Codecs as per requirement to use the following commands in terminal.
 
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
sudo apt-get install libavcodec-extra

You can play encrypted video DVD's with VLC Media Player, but you can also enable other Media Players in your system to play such DVD's and  to use the following command in terminal.
 
sudo apt-get install libdvd-pkg

8.   How to Install Popular Software

Now you can install most popular and important software on Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya”. In this regard I have selected most popular software and they are mostly required to use Linux basis system. Install QBittorrent Client Best Torrent Server for Linux and very popular install it to use the following command in terminal.
 
sudo apt-get install qbittorrent

Install Shutter:  This is best Screen shot Capture tool, to use it with following command in terminal.
 
sudo apt-get install shutter

Install ScribusThis is most important and best publishing software and working in replacement of  Adobe.
 
sudo apt-get install scribus

Install Aria2 Download ManagerThis is most important and popular download manager for Linux basis systems.


sudo apt-get install aria2


Install Inkscape: This is also important and popular Software and it is best Graphics Design Software for vector image. It is best  replacement of CorelDRAW or Adobe Illustrator. 
 
sudo apt-get install inkscape

Install Clementine Audio Player: This is best Audio Player for Linux Basis Systems, you can use for All Type of Audio Songs. 


sudo apt-get install clementine

Install Mozilla Thunderbird


sudo apt-get install thunderbird


s is also important and popular 

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openshot.developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update

Install OpenShot Video Editor: This is best Video Editor for Linux distros, you can use it for all versions of Linux basis system. It is very popular and most important.
sudo apt-get remove openshot-qt

Install Audacity Audio Editor:  Audacity is a free and easy to use  multi-track audio editor and recorder for GNU/Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, and other operating systems. The interface is translated into many languages. You can use Audacity editor for Record live audio,  Record computer playback on any Windows Vista or later machine , Convert tapes and records into digital recordings or CDs, Edit WAV, AIFF, FLAC, MP2, MP3 or Ogg Vorbis sound files, AC3, M4A/M4R (AAC), WMA and other formats supported using optional libraries. Install Audacity to use the following command in terminal.
 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:audacity-team/daily
sudo apt-get update

If you ant to remove Audacity to use the following command in terminal.
 
sudo apt-get remove audacity

Video Conference Software: This is great software VoIP client and modern video conference Software. It costs around 18 MB in Linux Mint 18 Cinnamon. To us the following command in terminal and install it easily.
 
sudo apt-get install ekiga



9.   How to Install Education Software

Linux has huge number of free software available for educational purpose in Software Manager, this is great procedure to install as per your requirement. You can install all of those from the software manager. Now I share most important and best educational software and I guide you how to install through Terminal to use the following commands. Install Marble Marble is working like Google Earth which let the children learn about interactive 3D earth globe, you can use it  without any Internet connection.
 
sudo apt-get install marble

Install GCompris: This is Game mode software to teach the children about math, science, letters, vocabulary, and about  computer. It is very helpful for small children
 
sudo apt-get install gcompris

Install Kig: You are student want to  teach interactive geometry in 2D and 3D model drawing, this is then this piece of wonderful software, install it to use following command in terminal..
 
sudo apt-get install kig

Install KAlgebra: This software is very small in size but very popular and important you can use it for  learning mathematics  and algebra. 


sudo apt-get install kalgebra


10.   How to Maintain System Power Management

Linux Mint is resourceful and pitch solid safe OS but occasionally the system may get overheated and supply low performances. You can install TLP and Laptop Mode Tools to recover the overall system power management and raise system usability with high optimized performances.

Install TLP

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
sudo apt-get update

Install Laptop Mode Tools

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/apps
sudo apt-get update

After installing the above, now you can  get the GUI for further customization, and use the following command in terminal.
 
gksu lmt-config-gui

11.   How to Install Flash Player and Nonfree Codecs

You have already installed full Multimedia support, Adobe Flash Player is present in your Linux basis system,  it is good practice , because you require that playing Flash Videos and other purpose. The main source of this process is often not updated quickly enough, which makes your system helpless. So you require replace and install the following Flashplugin  that source by another one, it is important and to deliver security updates quickly. Now use the following command in terminal and install it. 


sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

During the process Press Enter. When prompted, type your password. Your password will remain entirely invisible, not even dots will show, this is normal.Press Enter again and it is done. Further Linux Mint Repository used by default Flash player & Java Applet so no require to install those on Firefox but still we should be  install Pepper Flash Plugin based flash player for Chromium browser. This process downloads the pepper flash player from Google Chrome browser and set it within the Chromium Browser. Now use the following command in terminal and download.

sudo apt-get install pepperflashplugin-nonfree
sudo dpkg-reconfigure pepperflashplugin-nonfree

12.   How to Install Font Support and Java

Linux Mint have not extra fonts now to use Software Manager or Synaptic Package Manager to install Microsoft fonts, go to Menu-Administration-Software Manager and search as  Query  Microsoft, after that double click "ttf-mscorefonts-installer" for installation and press the Install button. During the installation of the Microsoft fonts, which you will be absolutely, asked to check a box and accept a license agreement of Microsoft. It will take several minutes. 

Install Java 8: Java 8 is best for Linux Mint 18, do not use Java9 because security update problem in Java 9 so it is better that install Java 8.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt update; sudo apt install oracle-java8-installer

Now check the Java version it is installed properly to use the following command in terminal.
 
javac -version

The PPA also has a package to automatically set Java environment variables, use the following command in terminal.
 
sudo apt install oracle-java8-set-default

13.   How to Install Best DVD Burning Application

The default DVD Burn application Brasero is unreliable, I think  best DVD burning application is currently Xfburn, is widely used in Linux based system,  rewards your DVDs. Xfburn on the other hand, is reliable, simple and easy. It has on disadvantage that  Xfburn can not burn Multi session DVDs. Now the time is that how to install Xfburn, in Linux Mint 18, first go to Menu - Administration – Terminal and use the following command.

sudo apt-get install xfburn

Press Enter. When prompted, type your password. Your password will remain entirely invisible, not even dots will show, this is normal. Press Enter again. After that you can launch Xfburn once again go to Menu button then Sound & Video – Xfburn, now your DVD burn is ready for smooth work.

14.   How to Install Alternative of Mono and Orca

In Linux based system specially in Linux Mint 18 by default, Mono is installed, because this package is a security risk, it contains with  Microsoft's .NET.  It works with  many operating systems including Windows. The is not fit and the communications could potentially be malware and viruses. It is  only a limited risk, but a risk however,  with Mono, you are  moderately in the infected and infected Windows ecosystem. Whereas no more benefit of Mono because another alternatives of mono is available, so you should be remove it to use the following command in terminal.

sudo apt-get remove mono-runtime-common

In light of above this removal will also delete two Mono based applications, namely media player Banshee and notepad Tomboy. Now to use the following command and install alternatives of the removal applications.
 
sudo apt-get install gnome-mplayer xpad

One thing note that  Linux Mint have screen reader Orca by default. Now this is  useless when you are  not and  it is  rather alarming when, after pressing the wrong key grouping, your computer suddenly starts addressing you with a heavy bass voice. So now remove to use the following command in terminal.
 
sudo apt-get remove gnome-orca


15.   How to Install Google Chrome

Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya”  is latest Linux Mint Version and it is very useful to have an extra web browser available. Firefox is a nice application, but Google Chrome is very fast and important, Firefox has  now and then installed too many extensions or add-ons, but it does not all functions  well. An excellent alternative to Firefox, is web browser Google Chrome, unfortunately it is not in the software sources of Linux Mint, but you can download its 64-bit installer from Download Google Chrome Site. One thing note that, Google Chrome have not update support for Linux Mint 32 bit, so you can use only for 64 bit. When you go to Google Chrome web page it should automatically recognize that you are using Linux Mint. it should offer you as prior installation  for Debian/Ubuntu, because that's what you need in Mint. The software source for Chrome to your software sources list, so that Update Manager will automatically propose you updates for Google Chrome as soon as they become available. If you got any problem to download Google Chrome, you can install it through terminal to use the following commands one by one. 

wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -   
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'  
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable  

16.   How to Install Video Players

Video Player are very important for entertainment and to enjoy with movies and other purpose, Linux based system used most popular Video players. I have selected most popular Video Players for Linux Mint 18.2 "Sonya"  and other Linux distros. 

In view of the above 14 main and important things to do for the requirement of Linux Mint 18.2 "Sonya" latest Linux Distro, this version support you till 2021, with all latest things which I have mentioned above. You have already read lot of tutorials about Linux Mint but this is very different and enjoy. 

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